“Esculapio” is derived from Asclepius, who was the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek religion.Asclepius represented the healing aspect of the medical arts. The rod of Asclepius, a snake-entwined staff, remains a symbol of medicine today.
The original Hippocratic Oath began with the invocation “I swear by Apollo the Physician and by Asclepius and by Hygeia and Panacea and by all the gods …”
In ancient Greece and Rome, an “Asclepeion” was a healing temple, sacred to the god Asclepius. The most famous temple of Asclepius was at Epidaurus in north-eastern Peloponnese. Another famous healing temple was located on the island of Kos, where Hippocrates, the legendary “father of medicine”, may have begun his career. Other asclepia were situated in Tri kala, Gordy’s (in Arcadia), and Pergamum in Asia.